Ovarian cancer is a disease where some of the cells in one or both ovaries start to grow abnormally and develop into cancer.
Approximately 1,400 Australian women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer each year. Sadly, the death rate for ovarian cancer is relatively high – 2 out of 3 Australian women diagnosed with ovarian cancer will die, and around 75% of women are diagnosed at an advanced stage.
Ovarian cancer isn’t the only cancer affecting women alone. Others include:
- fallopian tube
- uterine sarcoma
Early detection of these cancers is critical for a good outcome. Keeping up-to-date with body screening and observing your body are the best ways to ensure early detection. Things to watch out for include:
- breast changes such as skin dimpling, nipple discharge and lumps
- bloating that doesn’t go away after one or two weeks
- bleeding between periods
- general skin changes
- pain that doesn’t go away.
Australia has national screening programs for breast and cervical cancers. Women aged 18–70 should have a pap smear every two years. Women aged 50–74 should have a mammogram every two years. Always remember to book in your bi-annual pap smears and mammograms, and set reminders in your phone or write them on your calendar.
Prevention also goes a long way to avoiding women’s cancers. The following are simple ways to reduce your cancer risk:
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Engage in physical activity for at least 30 minutes each day.
- Eat more fruit, vegetables and whole grains.
- Reduce your fat, sugar and salt intake.
- Limit red meat in your diet.
- Cut down on alcohol.
- Breastfeeding is best, if you can.
- Quit smoking.
- Vaccinate against cancer-causing infections like human papillomavirus (HPV).
Giant Chemist Harbour Town can help too. Our pharmacists are medicines and health information experts. They can assist you by explaining how your medicines work, what possible side effects they may cause and give you information about how to reduce your cancer risk.
We have a range of Self Care Fact Cards available including topics such as Breast awareness and Pap smear, as well as lifestyle topics such as Staying a non-smoker and Weight and health.